Guía para el Control de Infecciones Asociadas a la Atención en Salud de ISID

GUÍA PARA EL CONTROL DE INFECCIONES ASOCIADAS A LA ATENCIÓN EN SALUD

Escrita por expertos internacionales en los campos de control de infecciones y epidemiología hospitalaria, la Guía para el Control de Infecciones Asociadas a la Atención en Saludde ISID reúne los principios e intervenciones más recientes que permitirán reducir la tasa de infección y el impacto de las consecuencias asociadas con ella para los pacientes, sus familias y los sistemas de salud, que incluyen: hospitalizaciones más largas; discapacidad a largo plazo; aumento de la resistencia antimicrobiana; mayores costos financieros y muertes innecesarias.

A medida que aumenta la importancia del campo de la prevención de infecciones y la ciencia que lo respalda continúa evolucionando, los objetivos de esta Guía son facilitar la implementación de medidas efectivas de prevención y control en los diferentes niveles de recursos para mejorar la calidad de la atención de salud, minimizar el riesgo, salvar vidas, reducir costos y limitar el uso de antibióticos para combatir estas infecciones a menudo prevenibles en todo el mundo.

La Guía está dividida en cuatro partes. Haga clic en cada capítulo para acceder a su contenido.

La Guía para el Control de Infecciones de ISID ha sido inmensamente popular, con más de 60 000 copias distribuidas en todo el mundo desde que se publicó por primera vez en inglés en 1998. ISID ha entregado gratuitamente la mayoría de estas copias a médicos, enfermeras y otros

trabajadores de primera línea de la atención de salud en las regions del mundo que más las necesitan. En 2015, la 5a edición de la Guía se puso a disposición de los usuarios en formato PDF gratuito que más de 10 000 personas de 160 países han descargado. En 2019, la 6a edición se puso a disposición de los usuarios en la página Web de ISID.

Richard P. Wenzel es uno de los líderes mundiales en epidemiología de las enfermedades infecciosas. Ya establecida su reputación en el campo del control de infecciones intrahospitalarias, fue el editor principal de la primera edición de la Guía para el Control de Infecciones de ISID, publicada en 1998.

"Cuando estaba en sabático en la Escuela de Higiene y Medicina Tropical de Londres (1985-86), me hice amigo de Jean-Paul Butzler, un distinguido médico microbiólogo de Bruselas y reciente presidente de ISID, quien me presentó a varios médicos líderes en microbiología medica en toda Europa, me convenció de que una Guía para el Control de Infecciones en el Hospital sería de interés global y que era yo quien debía editar dicho documento. Reuní un equipo de autores internacionales que fueron partidarios entusiastas del proyecto; mi única condición fue que ningún autor o editor percibiera ganancias económicas del proyecto y que este sería distribuido de forma gratuita a todo el personal médico en los países en desarrollo. En unos pocos años recibimos cada vez más solicitudes de traducir la Guía a varios idiomas, agregando valor a nuestro proyecto. Nuestro equipo de la Universidad de la Mancomunidad de Virginia (Virginia Commonwealth University) apoyó especialmente la 5a Edición, y ahora me complace pasarle el testigo al Dr. Gonzalo Bearman."

El objetivo de ISID es actualizar y volver a publicar la Guía cada dos años. Agradeceremos sus ideas y sugerencias para mejorar las ediciones futuras.

Gonzalo Bearman MD, MPH, FACP, FSHEA, FIDSA

Gonzalo Bearman is the Chair of the Division of Infectious Diseases, Richard P. Wenzel Professor of Internal Medicine and Hospital Epidemiologist at the Virginia Commonwealth University Health System. He is a graduate of Colgate University (BA), SUNY at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (MD) and Columbia University (MPH). He completed a residency in Internal Medicine and was Chief Resident, both at SUNY at Buffalo. He then completed a fellowship in Infectious Diseases and a residency in Preventive Medicine/Public Health, both at Cornell University. Dr. Bearman is Board Certified in Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases, and General Preventive Medicine and Public Health.

Since 2005, Dr. Bearman has worked on the VCU Global Health Program through the Honduras Medical Relief Brigade, a medical relief effort bringing medical and public health assistance to rural Honduran communities. In 2013, Dr. Bearman launched the Medical Literary Messenger, an online magazine for humanities and medicine, where he serves as the Editor in Chief. He serves as a section editor for Current Infectious Diseases Reports and as Editor in Chief of Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases. From 2013-2015, Dr. Bearman was the Chair of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America’s (SHEA) Guidelines Committee.

His areas of research focus on the epidemiology of hospital-acquired infections. Dr. Bearman has multiple peer-reviewed publications in Annals of Internal Medicine, Archives of Internal Medicine, Archives of Medical Research, Clinical Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Current Infectious Diseases Reports, American Journal of Infection Control, BioMedCentral Infectious Diseases, Infections in Medicine, Journal of Rural and Remote MedicineJournal of Hospital Infection, and Journal of Infection.

 

Michelle Doll, MD, MPH

Michelle Doll is an Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) and an Associate Hospital Epidemiologist for the VCU Medical Center. She is a graduate of Jefferson Medical College and completed her medical residency and chief residency at Temple University Hospital. She went on to complete a clinical Infectious Disease Fellowship at the University of Maryland Medical Center, as well as a Hospital Epidemiology Fellowship and Masters of Public Health at VCU. She has worked as a volunteer faculty preceptor for medical students in Puentes de Salud Clinic in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and currently at Crossover Clinic in Richmond, Virginia, both of which provide healthcare services to local under-served populations.

 

Shaheen Mehtar, MBBS, FRCPath (Eng), FCPath (SAfrica), MD (Lon)

Shaheen Mehtar is Professor(retired) at the Unit for Infection Prevention and Control (UIPC), Division of Global Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa. She trained in the United Kingdom in Medical Microbiology, Infectious Disease and Community Health. She was Head of Microbiology at the North Middlesex Hospital and was a Senior Lecturer at the Royal Free Hospital. Following a post as Deputy Director of Public Health in the South Cape Karoo region, she moved to Tygerberg Hospital and Stellenbosch University where she established the Unit of Infection Prevention and Control in 2004. The Unit is well known across Africa and has trained more than 250 students annually ranging from a 5-day basic course to Master’s degree programs in Infection Prevention and Control (IPC).

Prof. Mehtar is an internationally recognised expert in IPC and has been involved in setting up IPC programmes in India, the UK, Europe, Africa, the Far East, Asia, and Latin America. She has been on the executive committees of several prestigious international organisations. She currently serves on several WHO committees including those for global IPC policies, surgical site infections, WASH, and safety injection global network (SIGN).

Prof. Mehtar is a founding member, and Chair, of the Infection Control Africa Network (ICAN). Through ICAN, she is extensively involved in establishing and promoting IPC and antimicrobial stewardship training programmes and structures across Africa. She and ICAN supported the IPC programmes during the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone. Prof. Mehtar is a highly respected and recognised world expert in Infection Control and is frequently consulted by governments such as Egypt, Namibia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.

She has published extensively with over 140 papers in peer review journals to her name. She has authored two books and several chapters in books; she reviews for seven highly prestigious journals on infectious diseases.

 

Prof. Ziad A. Memish

Prof. Ziad Memish is currently a senior consultant in infectious diseases and head of the Research Department at the Prince Mohamed Bin Abdulaziz Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health; Professor at the College of Medicine in Alfaisal University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia; Adjunct Professor in the Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Georgia, USA; and Adjunct Professor at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK.

Prof. Memish obtained his MD from the University of Ottawa, Canada in 1987 and is Board certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine, the American Board of Infectious Diseases as well as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (Canada, Edinburgh and London) and the American College of Physicians. He is widely recognized as a pioneer in Mass Gathering Medicine and Infection Control and established the WHO Collaborating Center for Mass Gathering Medicine in the Ministry of Health and the WHO Collaborating Center for Infection Control in Saudi National Guard Health Affairs. He was the first Deputy Minister of Health for Public Health, KSA (2009-2014).

He has presented many abstracts and plenary talks internationally and published more than 550 peer reviewed papers and book chapters. He is the editor-in-chief of two journals: Journal of Epidemiology & Global Health published by Elsevier and indexed in PubMed and the Journal of Health Science, a flagship journal of the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties published by Medknow. He is a recipient of the King Abdulaziz Medal from the First Degree, the highest national award in Saudi Arabia for achievements in the field of infectious diseases and infection control.

 

Dr. Samuel Ponce de León Rosales - Editor Asociado de la Edición en Español

Médico cirujano por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). Residencia en Medicina Interna y en Enfermedades Infecciosas (Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, INCMNSZ). Maestría en Ciencias en Epidemiología Hospitalaria y Calidad de la Atención Médica por la Universidad de Virginia (EUA). Nivel III del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores (SNI).

Actualmente es Profesor de Medicina en la Facultad de Medicina UNAM, Jefe del Laboratorio de Microbioma y Coordinador del Programa Universitario de Investigación en Salud (UNAM).

Inició el trabajo de infecciones nosocomiales en México y fue el primer coordinador de infecciones nosocomiales en los Institutos Nacionales de Salud. Colaboró con el desarrollo de la Red Hospitalaria de Vigilancia Epidemiológica (Secretaría de Salud). Ha realizado investigación clínica en prevención y control de infecciones, calidad de la atención médica, brotes epidémicos y enfermedades infecciosas y emergentes en general. Fue adscrito en Medicina Interna y Enfermedades Infecciosas por más de 30 años en el INCMNSZ. Tiene 189 publicaciones científicas además de 264 de capítulos, publicaciones de divulgación y ensayos. Formó parte del grupo de respuesta a la pandemia de influenza y del consejo de emergencia pandémica de la OMS. Fue Director General del Consejo Nacional para Prevención y Control del SIDA (CONASIDA) y Director General de Laboratorios de Biológicos y Reactivos de México, S.A. de C.V. (Birmex). En el año 2000 recibió el Premio "Gerardo Varela" del Consejo de Salubridad General, Secretaría de Salud. Es Miembro del Consejo Editorial de Salud Pública de México, de Archives of Medical Research, de Pediatric Infectious Diseases Open Access, y de National Geographic en Español; pertenece a la Academia Nacional de Medicina de México, a la Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, al American College of Physicians (ACP) y a la International Society for Infectious Diseases (ISID), entre otras.

 

Victor Rosenthal, MD

Dr. Rosenthal is a specialist in Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases in Buenos Aires. He completed an Infectious Diseases fellowship at the University of Wisconsin, USA. He is a graduate in Clinical Effectiveness from Harvard University. He is certified in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

Dr. Rosenthal is the founder and chairman of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC), a nonprofit international research center which focuses on healthcare-associated infections. INICC brings together 3,000 researchers in 66 countries, spanning all six WHO regions. The consortium conducts multinational clinical studies with more than 300,000 patients.

Dr. Rosenthal has collaborated with the US Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) and currently collaborates with the Microbiology Lab of the US Navy (NAMRU) on international infection control programs. He is a co-author of the Joint Commission International Guidelines to prevent central line associated blood stream infections. He is a Task Force member and reviewer of the Infection Control Guidelines for the World Health Organization (WHO). He has collaborated to develop editions of the Infection Control Guidelines of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Hong Kong, Taiwan, China and several other countries.

He is an editorial board member and scientific reviewer of several international peer reviewed journals, such as the Lancet, the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC); Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology (ICHE); and several others. He is the author of more than 400 scientific publications and book chapters and has received several awards granted at different international scientific meetings, including SHEA, APIC, IFIC, Pan American Meetings, and others.

Michael Stevens, MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA, FSHEA

Mike Stevens is an Associate Professor of Internal Medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) where he is also an Associate Hospital Epidemiologist, the director of the medical center’s Antimicrobial Stewardship Program, the Associate Chair of the Division of Infectious Diseases, and the Associate Program Director for Global Health for VCU’s Internal Medicine Residency Program. He is also the director of the medical center’s Travel & Tropical Medicine Clinic. He is a graduate of the VCU School of Medicine (MD) and was a resident and a chief resident in Internal Medicine at VCU where he also completed fellowships in Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology. He completed a Master of Public Health degree at VCU. He is board certified in Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases by the American Board of Internal Medicine. He is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians, the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

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